History of Iranian missiles

[A report about the history of Iran producing different kinds of ballistic missiles with different ranges.]

Narrator: To prevent Saddam’s crimes, officials had to do something. Therefore, 13 people from a unit of IRGC artillery, led by Hassan Tehrani Moghadam, were assigned to build missiles. When Iran’s first Scud missile hit Iraq, nobody believed that Iran could have done this with a missile built by its own engineers. But when other military places in Iraq were also hit, then everybody was sure that Iran could build its own ballistic missiles.

But with the termination of imposed war [between Iran and Iraq], the evolutionary path of the country’s missiles continued. Shahab 1 was Iran’s first ballistic missile, and it was the result of experience and work of Iranian experts on Scud missile and was its enhanced model. Its rather short range resulted in the continuation of working on Shahab 1. And with the production of Shahab 3 with more than 1,000-kilometer range, Iran took the first step to achieve long-range missiles.

Ghadr 110 is one of the fastest missiles in the world and can overcome all radars and anti-missile rockets. All these missiles used liquid fuel for moving towards targets. But today world’s technology in this field is solid fuel. So a new project called Ashura was defined, and Sejil ballistic missile with more than 2,000-kilometer range was produced. Due to using solid fuel, Sejil is quickly prepared to launch within few minutes.

And also due to its high acceleration, it is unlikely for the enemy to trace it. Even though 23-ton Sejil highly increased Iran’s capacity and power, there was a need for a missile that can target the U.S. bases in the region within different ranges and with high precision.

The Islamic Republic of Iran, with help of Shahid Tehrani and his team, could make this idea operative in 2010, and Qiyam was unveiled. This missile is designed without fins which make it almost impossible to be detected by radars.

But Qiyam was not the end. And Fateh 110 entered the domain of Iranian ballistic missiles. The first generation of Fateh 110 missile with 250-kilometer range was tested in 2002. And in 2007, newer models of this missile were produced by experts of IRGC missile manufacturing industry.

One of the significant achievements that was displayed in May 2014 was anti-radar, anti-ship ballistic missile called Hormoz. The speed of Hormoz is 4 to 5 times faster than the speed of sound, and with using detectors of radar waves, it can destroy radars on aircraft careers or in radar sites.

Complementary to Hormoz is ballistic and smart missile called Khalij Fars with supersonic speed that can target different kinds of ships and vessels of the enemy. Khalij Fars missile, with its supersonic speed, is fired from the surface of the ground and can vertically hit any warships or vessels of the enemy from above.

Hoot, known as whale eating fish, is one of the fastest stealth water missiles, whose speed is 100 meters per second – 4 times faster than the speed recorded for torpedoes. This feature has made Hoot an extraordinary phenomenon. This missile can be launched from over vessels or from submarines in the depth of 100 meters of water. And the missile leaves the launch capsule at 93 kilometers per hour.

On its way, it reaches 360 kilometers per hour. And Emad is the first long-range missile of the Islamic Republic of Iran, with the capacity to be guided and controlled until hitting the target. This missile was built and designed by Iranian experts, at the peak of sanctions of the west against Iran.